Gauchos in Buenos Aires by Tinker: When the writers in Argentina turned to their own land tour for inspiration, it was inevitable that they should choose the gaucho for their theme.
The most logical explanation of the etymology of the word is that comes from the Quichua or Aimará word “huajcho”, meaning an orphan or poor person.
In this cattle producing areas the gauchos played a romantic and often heroic part.
The men, mind and manners of the gauchos in Buenos Aires according to Tinker:
On the broad pampas (Quichua word meaning space) roamed unnumbered wild cattle and horses, descendants of those brought over by the early Conquistadores.
They were the country’s greatest source of wealth, and were so numerous that the law permitted any one to round up in an Estancia and brand up to 12,000 head in a tour.
If they wanted more, they had to get a special permit from the Buenos Aires governor.
This gave rise to a body of fearless riders, called gauchos, who made a business of hunting wild cattle for their hides and tallow, or of driving them to estancias to be marked and gentled.
Thus it was that, unlike the North American cowboy, who followed civilization, the gaucho preceded it and helped to make it possible by garnering the natural resources and protecting the frontiers against the Indians.
Huge expeditions were organized for this tour of huntings, with as many as a thousand head of saddle horses and great convoys of lumbering two-wheeled carts drawn by oxen.
Once in sight of a herd in the pampa, the gauchos in Buenos Aires galloped on horseback after them and hamstrung as many as possible with their big knives, called facones, or with medialunas, long bamboo spears shod with crescents of sharpened steel.
It was no trick for eighteen or twenty horsemen gauchos to maim seven or eight hundred animals in an hour.
by Edward Larocque Tinker: Reference in Wikipedia
More information about Gaucho culture: The Gaucho Experience
Gaucho Tradition Day Festival 2021: “82nd FIESTA de la TRADICIÓN”
Special Celebration of the 82nd Anniversary of the “Fiesta de la Tradición” : 1939/2021
This is the oldest and more prestigious gaucho festival in Argentina, that takes place every month of November in San Antonio de Areco Town, that ends in a Sunday with a large parade of gauchos and horses going through the parks and streets of the Town.
There are gauchos from all over Argentina gathering here with their families and horses for an entire week of different events: folkloric music, dances, fairs, large barbecues, cultural events, arts expositions and gauchos´ rodeo.
Official Program of the National Tradition´s Day: Gaucho Tradition Day Festival 2021
From Friday November 6th to Sunday November 8th, 2021
Friday, November 6th:
Friday Nov. 6th:
- “Fogón Surero”: Social gathering for Traditional gaucho folkloric music event, at “Pulpería la Blanqueada”
Saturday Nov. 7th:
Sunday Nov. 8th:
- Gaucho & Horses Parade.
- Gaucho rodeo: Demonstration of gaucho skills in the El Parque Criollo.
- Awards ceremony.
Dances in the Gaucho Tradition Day Festival
Rodeo of the Gaucho Tradition Day Festival
• Traditional Fogón in the Quinta de Guerrico. Organized by the Asociación de Amigos del Parque Criollo.
• Tribute to Jose Hernandez with gauchos on horseback. In the Güiraldes monolith.
• Opening of the Rawhide (Guasquería, Soga) Crafts Exposition. Dedicated to Maestro Luis Flores. At the Museum Las Lilas.
Parade of horses in the Gaucho Tradition Day Festival
How to access the Gaucho Tradition Day Festival
You can enjoy part of this unique program by booking this Tour: Gaucho Festival in San Antonio de Areco Full Day Tour with Estancia
For more information: Origins of gaucho criollo horses in Pampas and Estancias in Argentina
If you prefer to enjoy all this gauchos´ activities and events : Best gaucho Estancia Tour in the Pampas near Buenos Aires
Also if you are just looking for a transfer between Buenos Aires and San Antonio de Areco: Arecobus
The Gaucho Museum Ricardo Güiraldes: Pulpería, General store and Bar
La Blanqueada is an old building over 150 years old. The counter is equipped with the traditional bars which separated the owner from his customers – only trusted regulars were allowed access to the interior of the pulpería. La Blanqueada features wax figures playing cards at the bar.
The men are dressed in the traditional gaucho pants or chiripa, botas de potro (made from the skin of the horse´s hind leg, similar to a boot but with the toes exposed) and red kerchiefs on their heads, a typical attire of the times of the Governor Rosas (between 1829/1832 and 1835/1852).
This is one of the most unique gaucho collection of their uses and customs.
Building of the Gaucho museum Ricardo Güiraldes
The Flour Mill – The Shed and Horsewear room
Alongside the pulpería stands an old flourmill or tahona dating back to 1848. Made entirely of wood, it was used to grind wheat and originally belonged to the Luján Guard .
It was used to obtain flour to make bread. The shed and horsewear room was named after Aniceto Melo, a famous raw hide braider from San Antonio de Areco.
The shed houses a colonial carriage and horse carts as well as the frame used to hang the ring for the traditional horse “ring races”.
The House fo the Gaucho museum Ricardo Güiraldes
The house resembles a fort insofar as it is surrounded by a moat and access is controlled by a drawbridge.
When immigrants ventured into the boundless pampas in times gone by, they built their farm houses following this pattern as a means of defense against the Indians.
This was the origins of the estancias where the gauchos were working.
The house reproduces an 18th century farm house with its welcoming corridor, its two side wings, whitewashed walls, tiled roof and low wrought-iron window railings where all these gaucho collection is preserved.
Gaucho museum Collection
Various items of silver as well as representative paintings decorate the walls of the other rooms
Rural labor, countryside themes, horseback rides, bonfires, mate rounds and other images summarize perfectly the countryside feeling.
There are daily Full Day Private tours to this gaucho museum and to the traditional historical town of San Antonio de Areco: Tour to Gaucho Museum
The paintings collection
These paintings are the work of Uruguayan Pedro Figari, who met Ricardo Güiraldes’ father and after a long friendship, they ended up being part of the Güiraldes family furniture.
The music, the dancing, the singing, the paintings and other artistic work, apart from literature, can be felt while touring around the museum. These may have been the feelings experienced by those who have taken care of it, still do and will keep an eye on it every day of the year in the future, as if it was their own home.
All the information about Museums in San Antonio de Areco
More information in Spanish about The Gaucho Experience
Gaucho Museum Ricardo Güiraldes and Criollo Park is in the City of San Antonio de Areco, Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, approximately 112km away from the City of Buenos Aires down the Nacional Route 8.
Foundation of the Gaucho museum
It was founded and built by the government of the province and it opened in 1938. It takes the name of Ricardo Güiraldes to honor the novel Don Segundo Sombra, published in 1926.
The Museum was founded and built by the government of the Province of Buenos Aires.
It was inaugurated in 1938 and was named after the poet and writer Ricardo Güiraldes, the author of the novel “Don Segundo Sombra” which was published in 1926. Güiraldes died in 1927 and was buried in the local cemetery, as was the main character of his book, Don Segundo Sombra.
This institution provides insight into the country´s past, particularly in connection with the gaucho, his habits, traditions, lifestyle, attire and riding gear and focuses on the gaucho´s contribution in building the country´s greatness and folkloric tradition.
Gaucho museum collection
Built in honor of Ricardo Güiraldes, the items exhibited at the Museum portray the personality and literary works of this great writer. The material exhibited at the museum also covers other aspects associated with the town´s history.
The Gaucho museum hall pays homage to the gaucho and his attire and saddle gear. There are exhibits of stirrups, bridles, spurs and cowbells. Also ponchos, boleadoras, lassoes, chifles, leather trunks and photographs of local gauchos.
The Ricardo Güiraldes Rooms reflect how the first silversmith settled in Buenos Aires at the end of the XVI century. A similar handicraft to the one in Upper Peru was developed in this area in the XVII and XVIII centuries. There were many Spanish and Portuguese silversmiths.
When Argentina was organizing itself as an independent nation, cattle breeding began to be intensified. Thus, the symbols of the Argentinian country appeared, one of them is the gaucho in this gaucho museum.
There are daily Full Day Private tours to this gaucho museum and to the traditional historical town of San Antonio de Areco: Tour to Gaucho Museum and Colonial Town
Art at the Museum
A transfer departing every day from Buenos Aires to the Gaucho Museum: Arecobus