The Tour Colonial Architecture in San Antonio de Areco : will show you the evolution since the expansion under the crown of Castile that was initiated by the Spanish conquistadores and developed by its administrators and missionaries, till nowadays.
The motivations for colonial expansion were trade and the spread of the Catholic faith through indigenous conversions in large Estancias.
European explorers arrived in Río de la Plata in 1516. Their first Spanish settlement in this zone was the Fort of Sancti Spiritu established in 1527 next to the Paraná River. Buenos Aires , a permanent colony, was established in 1536 and in 1537 Asunción was established in the area that is now Paraguay.
Buenos Aires suffered attacks by the indigenous peoples that forced the settlers away, and in 1541 the site was abandoned. A second (and permanent) settlement was established in 1580 by Juan de Garay, who arrived by sailing down the Paraná River in a tour from Asunción (now the capital of Paraguay).
He dubbed the settlement “Santísima Trinidad” and its port became “Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires.” The city came to be the head of the Governorate of the Río de la Plata and in 1776 elevated to be the capital of the new Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
By the 18th century, members of the Bourbon dynasty held the throne in Spain. This meant several changes, including changes in the Americas. Particularly in the Virreinato de la Plata, there was a change in the economy: the commercial activities were released from their mercantilist scheme to economic liberalism.
So, now, instead of focusing only in silver and gold, many other economical activities were going to be exploited.
Focusing in the Tour Colonial Architecture, there were many changes.
Tour Colonial Architecture in San Antonio de Areco
The town of San Antonio de Areco is characterized by these changes in architecture.
Being in the road to the Alto Peru (where the Spanish got the precious metals), this town was, in its origins, just a colonial settlement for the travelers.
In the towns´ sorroundings, there were several small forts destined to fight the attacks from the indigenous people who wanted to recover the lands.
The region was not only threatened by these invasions but also from continuous droughts and plagues that affected their crops. So, it can be said that the San Antonio de Areco towns’ architecture had a spontaneous beginning.
The staging posts were simple ranchs (origin of nowadays Estancias ) where the ceilings were made of hay and the walls made of adobe (sun-dried bricks) because there was no stone in the region.
In this Tour Colonial Architecture you will discover that the town has a clearly Hispanic inheritance since the towns ‘centre is located in the main square from where the rest of the towns’ constructions expanded.
According to the Hispanic laws of construction (dictated by Ferdinand of Aragon in 1513) , the main square should be rectangular and the streets should be wide enough to place commercial stands. It´s in this square were the main house of Ruiz de Arellanos´ranch, the towns’ founder.
Regarding the construction materials, the main technique was frameworking made out of wood, in which the mud and leaves mixture was placed.
Once the brick was dry, the walls were painted with lime and sometimes some animal blood was added to the lime to obtain a pink color.
This technique was preceded by the classical brick many years after.
Because the adobe bricks couldn´t support heavy weight, the windows and doors had a special design based in a segmental arch.
There are some many things to enjoy that you can spend two days in the best place of the pampas
If you plan a Tour Colonial Architecture in San Antonio de Areco : Tour to San Antonio de Areco & Estancia
Tickets for a comfortable transfer to San Antonio de Areco
If you prefer to enjoy the countryside The Gaucho Experience
Also in Spanish: Orígenes del caballo Criollo en Pampas de Argentina y Estancias de Buenos Aires
It remained for Ricardo Güiraldes (1886-1927) to do the perfect portrait of the gaucho in Estancia La Porteña in prose. This was a man of superb talent.
His father was a rich estanciero and he was born in Buenos Aires in 1886. He was taken to a Tour to Europe when very young and so spoke French and German as fluently as his native tongue.
From early boyhood his life was spent on the estancia where he learned the secrets of saddle and trail from a grand old gaucho of the primitive school. Who was later to be the model for Don Segundo Sonmbra.
As a young man he made many tours abroad and became as much at home in Paris as he was in Buenos Aires : but he was never an expatriate.
In 1915 he made his literary debut with two books a collection of short stories, Cuentos de muerte y de sangre, and a small volume of poems, El Cencerro de cristal, both of which showed contemporary French influence.
An autobiography, Raucho (1917), followed, and then Rosaura (1917) and Xaimaca (1923), but none of them created any particular stir.
However they did serve to gather around him a group of young writers who launched a literary magazine of protest in 1924, called Proa, that reflected an anomalous melange of ultra French trends with a groping nationalism that took fresh interest in the Argentine background and folklore.
This brought about a back-to-the-soil movement under the banner of Martin Fierro and probably inspired Güiraldes to begin the book that was to make his reputation.
In bad health he went to live at Estancia La Porteña , the family estancia, and there renewed his intimacy with the sturdy old gaucho who had been the mentor of his youth.
Each morning he went to a ancient ombú near the house, to write of his boyhood life when he wandered the pampas with the old cattleman. It served to brush away dark thoughts, and he worked feverishly because he knew he was doomed.
With simplicity and sincerity he told of his flight with Don Segundo Sombra and of the five years they spent together roaming the pampa of Buenos Aires.
It is hardly a novel; rather a succession of delightfully told impressions that flitter through the pages like movie episodes across the screen, yet give a vivid and human picture of every facet of gaucho life and point of view.
There is no love interest, only a boy´s hero-worship for Don Segundo –a character superbly drawn with lean restraint – and the transformation of an eager youth into a man possessed of virtues of courage, quixotic sportsmanship, and innate personal dignity. It is done with a sympathy and insight known only to genius.
Don Segundo Sombra (1926) had an immediate success in Buenos Aires and the rest of Argentina, for it was colored with the same sort or enchantment that made Huckleberry Finn immortal.
Ricardo Güiraldes had little time in which to savor his success, for he died within a year of the publication of his great work.
His funeral in San Antonio de Areco was a tribute to the integrity of the picture he had drawn, for 250 sad and silent gauchos, mounted on horses of every color, their silver bridles scintillating through the thin dust raised by a thousand hoofs, followed his coffin to the grave.
by Edward Larocque Tinker: Reference in Wikipedia
If you plan a visit to Estancia La Porteña : Tour to San Antonio de Areco & Estancia
More about Gaucho culture: The Gaucho Experience
Juan Jose Draghi silversmith: Born in San Antonio de Areco, from a family of farmers in the province of Buenos Aires. Inspired by a strong vocational impulse, and generating a great technical command of the trade learned solely through experience, intuition, and a creative genius that earned him prestige as the re-discoverer of traditional Argentina silverwork.
His Draghi silversmith concerns and unique ability to handle the chisel led him to be in 1971, one of the 38 craftsmen present in the first week of Crafts Exposition in San Antonio de Areco.
Midway through the 20th century, silverwork in Argentina was losing its essence, as well as one of its most important qualities: its identity.
Industrialization stripped the works of their unique character, just as it did to so many other trades, substituting individual craft with the generic printing techniques of mass production.
Ricardo Güiraldes from San Antonio de Areco took the journey of preserving the gaucho spirit of the epoch intact-embodied in his immortal Don Segundo Sombra acclaimed book: the most important novel about gauchos.
His work demands commitment to the preservation of the estate of noble traditions passed from generation to generation.
Therefore it’s not by chance that Juan José Draghi silversmith, devoted advocate of these values, always speak out loud: “I became a silversmith because I was born in Areco.” In San Antonio de Areco he found the source of inspiration to develop his work and start with tenacity upon a self-taught path.
He undertook a profound study on national fashions and customs, and inspired himself by trying to re-create the classic pieces on exhibition in the Ricardo Güiraldes Museum of the Gaucho, and wear by real gauchos in the Estancias.
The handicrafts of Juan Jose Draghi silversmith are today spread out in a tour throughout the world. Many of them are very far away from Areco and Estancias, where they were conceived.
Juan José Draghi is faithful interpreter of the aesthetic personality characterized by the gaucho and its current expression, his contemporary equivalent.
Juan Jose Draghi silversmith was devoted to his principles, as well. Another loyalty that stand out.
This silversmith that is important in San Antonio de Areco and Argentina, has received many awards and satisfactions of a different order. But we imagine that none can be so overtaken experienced as when he was handed the gifts to be given to the Kings of Spain, Don Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofia. That “facón” sheathed silver and gold, and that “rastra”, must be the most admirable few garments created by Draghi silversmith
Presidents of USA: Reagan and Bush; the Prince of Saudi Arabia, Turki and Saud Faisal Al Saud; Chancellor Hellmut Kohl of Germany, among other world figures, have presents in silver with the Draghi´s punch.
The flag bearer of the Argentina Army 1st Battalion Logistics and their escorts, will take forever pieces of work of this great Argentina silversmith.
Currently his sons are still nurturing this art: Juan Patricio and Mariano, whose pieces have been selected to represent Argentina craftworks in the United States and France for World Cup 1994.
Partially extracted from the website of Draghi Plateros Orfebres, and Comodoro Juan José Güiraldes letter from May 9th, 1994.
You have the opportunity of visiting this great Criollo silversmith workshop in San Antonio de Areco and many other artisans in this Full Day Tour to the Gaucho town Areco
Mas acerca de las tradiciones del gaucho en Español: Tradiciones en Tour de Estancia Buenos Aires y San Antonio de Areco
Bus tickets and Tours to San Antonio de Areco and Estancias near Buenos Aires
Gaucho Tradition Day Festival 2019: “80th FIESTA de la TRADICIÓN”
Special Celebration of the 80th Anniversary of the “Fiesta de la Tradición” : 1939/2019
This is the oldest and more prestigious gaucho festival in Argentina, that takes place every month of November in San Antonio de Areco Town, that ends in a Sunday with a large parade of gauchos and horses going through the parks and streets of the Town.
There are gauchos from all over Argentina gathering here with their families and horses for an entire week of different events: folkloric music, dances, fairs, large barbecues, cultural events, arts expositions and gauchos´ rodeo.
Official Program of the National Tradition´s Day: Gaucho Tradition Day Festival 2019
From Saturday November 2nd to Sunday November 10th, 2019
Saturday, November 2nd:
Friday Nov. 8th:
- “Fogón Surero”: Social gathering for Traditional gaucho folkloric music event, at “Pulpería la Blanqueada”
Saturday Nov. Saturday 9th:
Sunday Nov. 10th:
- Gaucho & Horses Parade.
- Gaucho rodeo: Demonstration of gaucho skills in the El Parque Criollo.
- Awards ceremony.
• Traditional Fogón in the Quinta de Guerrico. Organized by the Asociación de Amigos del Parque Criollo.
• Tribute to Jose Hernandez with gauchos on horseback. In the Güiraldes monolith.
• Opening of the Rawhide (Guasquería, Soga) Crafts Exposition. Dedicated to Maestro Luis Flores. At the Museum Las Lilas.
You can enjoy part of this unique program by booking this Tour: Tradition Day Gaucho Festival in San Antonio de Areco Full Day Tour with Estancia
For more information: Origins of gaucho criollo horses in Pampas and Estancias in Argentina
If you prefer to enjoy all this gauchos´ activities and events during the week of Gaucho Tradition Day Festival : Best gaucho experience hotel in the Pampas near Buenos Aires
Also if you are just looking for a transfer between Buenos Aires and San Antonio de Areco
The Areco boliches: After the Parrillas (steak restaurant in Argentina), which we can find in a tour all around us in Buenos Aires, we should consider the “boliches” as a true reflection of the reality today: save by a few nostalgic old timers and their aged customers, their main support in these times.
(Experience the best Foodie Tour in Estancia Buenos Aires)
The small towns and gaucho villages in the pampa and possible the quieter, more traditional outer suburbs of Buenos Aires are hosting many of these boliches.
They do not aspire to be more than modest suppliers of simple food, often offering no more than the days specials plus the possibility of preparing some short order (not always available) to their frequent patrons. In many cases they overlap with the parrillas (steakhouses) because they too have a simple grill to hand.
If not a grill (Argentine barbecue), then a hotplate is a frequent alternative. The fare is very basic, being mainly stews and pasta, with a tour to basic desserts as cheese and membrillo (quince jam) or a flan.
They are the solution for local villagers or a peon working in an Estancia with a very limited budget.
Some boliches are providing some quite simple sandwiches or “picada” (like tapas in Spain) to their customers, just as a perfect excuse to have some drinks (normally cheap liquors) and wine meanwhile. If the customer do not end the whole bottle of wine, it is kept closed by the “bolichero” till next day when the patron will return for the rest.
Some of the normal drinks are quite basic liquors with a high density of alcohol: caña, grapa, ginebra, or “vermouth” like the very popular “fernet”. There is no room for scotch, cognac, etc.
The more ambitious aim a little higher with the objective of luring the truck trade tour on routes and major highways crossing Estancias all over Argentina. Truckers love to eat well and cheaply.
In San Antonio there are many areco boliches for the gauchos that remain as they were originally: Same decoration, furnitures and belonging to the same family.
Extracted from “El gaucho gourmet” by Derek Foster: Buy the book Gaucho Gourmet
You can enjoy your own stews, picadas and fernet liquor while in one of these Tours in the Pampa Argentina and Estancias: Estancia and gaucho town San Antonio de Areco
For experiencing some sort of old gaucho pulperia bar try this: Day trip to the gaucho Town and Estancia
Updates of the Foodie Tour to San Antonio de Areco Town & Estancia : Facebook of Foodie Tours in Buenos Aires
And then you can check here the reviews of the gaucho experience
The Alfajor Chocolate Areco:
38 years ago, the teachers Carlos Gabba and Teresa decided to produce the best possible alfajores to be sold to the few tourists who came back those days to San Antonio de Areco as a typical souvenir from Argentina.
“They visited the Güiraldes Museum, Dragui silversmiths, maybe an Estancia and then had nothing to take as a souvenir after their tour: they think about an alfajor with a bath of dark chocolate that should be really rich, with real cocoa,” Carlos says.
He currently goes to the factory of La Olla de Cobre only to monitor, after almost 40 years of developing his small family business he recently delegated all the operations to his son Agustín.
At the beginning they cooked the alfajores in their house and then took their production to the small handicraft factory, while continuing teaching in schools.
There was a time when the buses start stopping by their shop and the tourists buying hot chocolate and alfajores and then continued with a guided tour in Areco.
These alfajores from La Olla de Cobre are unforgettable.
Great alfajor chocolate areco of 55 grams, with two round cookies made of traditional flour, butter, sugar and egg, that were stuffed with a good layer of old-fashioned dulce de leche and then finally covered with delicious dark chocolate.
Some small machines perform the melting, refining, “concado”, deodorizing and tempering of the chocolate, the central product of La Olla de Cobre, which also sells chocolates figures and Easter eggs.
The process starts from the nibs or cocoa liquor (cocoa bean bits already processed, peeled, crushed and toasted imported from Ecuador and Brazil). The Concado is the process of churning chocolate that gives the termination; the more Concado the more refined and delicate will be the chocolate.
“There is a particle size measuring texture, if you have more than x amount of microns you will feel in the mouth and probably will be rough. When you finish refining and concado these crystallites are broken down to a point where your will not feel in the mouth” concludes the master chocolatier.
Thanks Silvina Beccar Varela
You can visit this unique chocolate factory (just closed on Tuesdays!) taking this Tour: Estancia and Areco Town Full Day Tour
For booking the most Real gauchos Tour Buenos Aires Areco Estancia
Foodie Tour to San Antonio de Areco Town & Estancia : Contact for Tour Estancia San Antonio de Areco
Updates of the Foodie Tour to San Antonio de Areco Town & Estancia : Facebook of Foodie Tours in Buenos Aires
Mas información en Español sobre las Estancias: Las Estancias